Nurses uniform study Diminished Self-Awareness Unself-conscious, deindividuated people are less restrained, less self-regulated, more likely to act without thinking about their own values and more responsive to the situation than self-conscious people Loss of self-awareness and evaluation apprehension; occurs in group situations that foster anonymity and draw attention away from the individual Group Size: The scape goat theory does not explain the targets of aggression.
Thus members of the out group who are considered less powerful become suitable targets of aggression and hence become the scapegoats for the frustrated members of the more powerful groups. He has come to regard her as the provider of food and love and thus wants to pursue an intimate, close relationship.
Moreover, aggression could also be explained as a result of the loss of personal identity this could be due to the relative anonymity of being in a crowd or wearing a uniform. In essence, Lorenz combined Freud's theory of aggression with Charles Darwin's natural selection theory. A history of aggressive or violent behavior Being the victim of physical orsexual abuse Exposure to violence at home or in the community Hereditary factors Use of drugs or alcohol Having a gun athome A stressful family life poverty, severe deprivation, divorce, single parenting, unemployment, loss of support from the extended family Brain damage from a head injury Reducing these factors can decrease or even prevent aggressive behavior.
They do not know how to make a request without sounding pusliy or how to refuse one request without annoying the requester. Stimulation of the amygdala results in augmented aggressive behavior in hamsters,   while lesions of an evolutionarily homologous area in the lizard greatly reduce competitive drive and aggression Bauman et al.
A third group saw the same aggressive behaviour but the model was punished by another adult, who warned him not to be aggressive in future. There techniques of therapy often involve modeling, i. Aggression may also occur for self-protection or to protect offspring. In the social learning theory SLT of aggression, Bandura suggested that the expression of aggression is learnt through social learning not ignoring the fact that the potential for the human aggression was biological.
In this study they took two groups of nursery school children as samples. When he reached there he saw Babloo was rolling on the floor, crying and crying and showing tantrums as his mother did not give him money to buy ice-cream.
Once people have learned aggressive behavior, they mayact aggressively when they experience unpleasant events, are frustrated, or when they see other people act aggressively. In our hence attitude towards every stimulus there is the desire for love as well as aggression.
According to this hypothesis aggression is not inborn but is a learned behaviour. The expression of aggression reduces the desire for it. The findings of this study prove that children acquire new ways of aggressing through exposure to violent television programmes, movies and aggressive behaviour of his parents, grand-parents and teachers.
Finally, the social learning theory is the most well supported and documented theory of aggression. Freud also developed the female Oedipal Complex, later named the Electra Complex, which is a similar theory for the childhood aggression of girls.
Aggression cannot and should not be explained by just one of these theories in particular. Males castrated as neonates exhibit low levels of aggression even when given testosterone throughout their development.
The great majority of soldiers reported that their reason for fighting was to get the job done or the desire not to let their outfits down. Various factors limit the escalation of aggression, including communicative displays, conventions, and routines.
Later, Freud added the concept of Thanatos, or death force, to his Eros theory of human behavior 3. There techniques of therapy often involve modeling, i. Furthermore, linkage and association studies that seek to identify specific genes, for example that influence neurotransmitter or hormone levels, have generally resulted in contradictory findings characterized by failed attempts at replication.
Among animals, aggressive encountersrarely lead to death. Self-control training includes rational restructuring, cognitive self-instruction, and stress inoculation. Physiologically the death instinct represents the force which tend to destroy the organic life and to lead organic matter back to the inorganic state.
Aggression may occur due to some hormonal and biological factors, but it is not instinctive as Freud held. There is an "innate drive" for aggression but a set of circumstances are needed to elicit it Aggression is a consequence of frustration Where frustration is "the blocking of goal-directed behaviour".
Main Theories of Aggression Outline and assess the main theories of aggression Aggression is an act of hostility with deliberate intention to harm another person against his or her will. Some psychologists believe that aggression is an important aspect of our evolutionary ancestry and it is understood better in that context, whereas others.
Outline and assess the main theories of aggression Aggression is an act of hostility with deliberate intention to harm another person against his or her will. Article Shared by. This article throws light upon the top three theories of aggression. The theories are: 1. Instinct Theory of Aggression 2.
Frustration Aggression Hypothesis 3. Main Theories of Aggression Outline and assess the main theories of aggression Aggression is an act of hostility with deliberate intention to harm another person against his or her will. Some psychologists believe that aggression is an important aspect of our evolutionary ancestry and it is understood better in that context, whereas others.
All existing theories of aggression, with all their diversity, can be divided into four main categories, considering aggression as: 1) innate urge or deposit (drive theory); 2) the need activated by external stimuli (frustration theory); 3) cognitive and emotional processes; 4) the actual manifestation of the social.Main theories of aggression